Penicillium camemberti

This soft cheese is sprayed with an aqueous solution containing Penicillium camemberti to give it a soft, white coating. Here is a picture I took with the Foldscope of some of the scrapings of the coating. You can see some of the conidia and conidiophores.

Pollen of Ehretia acuminata

Ehertia acuminata is commonly known as Koda tree. The bark is used as a treatment of fevers, throat infection and also as a antiseptic. Leaves use as a muscular pain and eczema. There is considerable variation in the nature and pattern of pollen exine sculpture.

Epidermal Peel and Flower Petal of Jasmine Flower

A flower and leaf from a star jasmine plant was obtained at 10:00 pm on May 8th, 2019 at the bushes outside of the Gates-Thomas building at Caltech. This is a picture of a slice from the jasmine leaf, taken with Samsung S5 Galaxy and Foldscope lens. I obtained this sample by using a razor...

Various Parts of Poppy Flower

A California Poppy flower (Eschscholzia californica) was obtained on May 8th. 2019 at 11:00 pm in the poppy bushes near Lloyd and Ruddock. This is a picture of the cross section of the poppy stem, taken with a Samsung S5 Galaxy and Foldscope lens. You can see the xylem and the phloem which transport water...

Various parts from Ladybug

A dead ladybug was found in my room on May 10th, 2019 at 5:00 pm. Instead of letting a good opportunity go to waste, I decided to dissect it and image its parts under the Foldscope lens. The above picture is of one of its back legs. I removed the leg and wet-mounted it onto...

Nanomaterials- Mustard flakes under foldscope

College- CMR National PU college, ITPL, Bangalore Sample observed- Mustard flakes from Pickle masala, obtained from home Sample observed- at CMR National PU college, on 20/5/19 by Kruti Pandya Research using foldscope has always been very motivating for students to know more and has led them to observe anything and everything under the sun using…

Thrip from Hibiscus flower

College name-CMR National PU college, ITPL, Bangalore Sample observed- Tiny insect from Hibiscus flower growing in our garden Sample observed by- Kids of grade 3 and 8 in an apartment It was fascinating to catch up with kids during summer holidays and encouraging them to observe nature closely. While walking through our apartment garden, kids…


PICTURES TAKEN FROM FOLDSCOPE AT ICAR-National organic farming research institute, Gangtok Sikkim

Leg of lady beetle larva

Lady beetle belongs to order Coleoptera. These are considered as useful insects because they prey on aphids or scale insect pests. Larva of lady beetle has long bodied with six legs. With the help of legs it can move from one location to another on plants in search of predators. Larva is a voracious predator…

Leg of termite

Leg of termite

Termites belong to infra-order  Isoptera.  Termites are significant detritivores, particularly in subtropical and tropical regions. The body is divided into head, thorax, and abdomen, and each thoracic segment contains a pair of the leg. The parts leg includes a coxa, trochanter, femur, tibia and the tarsus. 

Cercus of cricket

Crickets belong to order Orthoptera. They have a pair of cercus at the end of the abdomen. The cercus is a pair of appendages at the end of the gut of some insects and other arthropods. Many forms of cerci serve as a sensory organ, but some serve as pinching weapons. In many insects, they…

Antenna of cricket

Crickets have a pair of  long slender antennae arising from cone-shaped scapes (first segments) and just behind of antennae, there are two large compound eyes. Insects use antenna as a sensory organ.

Aphid juvenile

Aphids are small sap sucking insects and member of superfamily Aphidoidea.  Aphids are the most destructive insect pests in temperate regions . They are commonly known as greenfly and black fly. Flightless females are giving birth to female nymphs without the involvement of male.

T.S. of Petiole (E. crassipes) stained with tryphan blue

T.S of petiole stained with tryphan blue shows the single layered parenchymatous epidermis. Air spaces are more prominent. Scattered vascular bundles are present. Each bundle has sclerenchymatous bundle cap and shows xylem and phloem.

T.S. of leaf (E. crassipes) stained with methylene blue.

T.S of leaf shows a single layer of the epidermal cells with very thin cuticle. The mesophyll is differentiated into palisade and spongy parenchyma. Two types of vascular bundles are present, larger and smaller. Each vascular bundle is surrounded by a bundle sheath cells.

T.S of Cycas leaflet stained with safranin and fast green

The image shows the epidermis, hypodermis and vascular bundle region. Upper epidermis surrounded by a layer of cuticle. Below the upper epidermis, sclerenchymatous hypodermis region is present. Mesophyll is differentiated into palisade and spongy parenchyma. A single vascular bundle present, showing xylem and phloem.

T.S. of root of Eichhornia crassipes stained with methylene blue.

The image shows the epidermis, cortex and vascular bundle. Single layered epidermis followed by hypodermis region. Outer and inner cortex is made up of parenchymatous cells. Each air space has trabeculae. Stele is surrounded by endodermis and pericycle. Vascular bundle showing xylem, phloem and pith.

Post-storm Crissy Field East Beach anomalies

After a brief but substantial night storm in the bay we headed to East Beach to see what might have washed up on the shores before the tide came and returned it all to the depths. We found many sponges and dislodged kelp, the ever present plastics, and other large common drift. We also found…