Leg of Mango leaf hopper

The hind leg of leafhopper are modifies for jumping and are covered with hairs which are covered with hairs that facilitate the spreading of secretion over their bodies and act as a water repellent and carrier of pheromones.

Picture of Aphid taken by Foldscope

Aphid, member of the order Homoptera, is probably the most notorious pests in the world.   An aphid feeds on plants by inserting its proboscis, stylet or straw like mouthpart into phloem or inner cells of plant. Upon insertion the aphid draws the plant’s juice or sap. This feeding activity will normally cause leaf and stem…

Wing of winged Aphid

Aphids are small sap sucking insects and members of the superfamily Aphidoideae. Common names include greenfly and black fly.  A typical life cycle involves flightless female giving living birth to female nymphs without the involvement of male. Winged females may develop later in the season, allowing the insects colonies new plants. 

Mango leaf hopper

Mango leafhopper belongs to the family Cicadellidae. This minute insects are feeder that sucks plant sap. Nymphs and adults are sucking phloem sap from the inflorescences and leaves of the host plants.

Mouth of red cotton bug (Dysdercus)

The beak-like mouth part or rostrum has four segment segments and tip reaches at the base of the middle pair of legs. This mouth part is piercing and sucking type.

Antenna of red cotton bud (Dysdercus)

The antennae are the insect’s nose- they are used for the sense of smell. The pair of antennae is made is made up of joints this means they very mobile.

Compound eye of red cotton bud (Dysdercus)

Like other insects cotton bug has compound eyes. Their eyes are called compound eyes because they are made up of repeating units, ommatidia, each of which functions as a separate visual receptor.

Fore wing of red cotton bug (Dysdercus)

 Dysdercus is commonly known as red cotton bug. It is a pest of cotton plant. The adult cotton bug has pair of black spot on the forewings. This wing is called hemielytra. The basal half of the wing is thick and leathery. The distal half in membranous. They are protective in function and not involved…

Hind wing of black shiny leaf beetle (Paria sp.)

Beetle wings are composed of forewing known as elytron and hind wing. The elytra are rigid. A beetle’s functional wings which flying, are the hind wings. Hind wings are thin are kept under the elytra when are rest.

Inverted egg of Lady Beetle

Adult female ladybird beetles usually lay clusters of eggs on plants in the vicinity of aphis, scale, or mealybug colonies.

White marked tussock moth caterpillar on mulberry

The tussock caterpillars can be recognized by their bright colours and assorted tufts of hair. They have orange head, tuffs on the back, and red dots on the hind abdominal segments that are in line with a dorsal black stripe. Two long tufts of black hair stand up near the head, and four white, grey…


Slug caterpillars ( Class Limacodidae; Order Lepidoptera) Slug caterpillars seem more fantasy than reality. They are rivalled only by the prominents in the diversity of their form, colours. Anterior end possessing three pairs of elongate, subdorsal lobes each bearing numerous stinging spines; posterior end with two pairs of elongated subdorsal lobes. Sides with shallow depressions…

Foldscopic view of Termite found on woody Mulberry plant

Termites play a vital role in nature. They break down dead wood and other cellulose materials. This is helpful in the ecosystem and the balance of nature. Termites range in size from 1/8 inch to 1 inch long. Termites vary in colour from white to brown to black, depending on the species and the life…

Golden tortoise beetle under Foldscope (Wings)

Golden tortoise beetle Charidotella sexpunctata bicolour have a generally rounded body form (about 5-6 mm length). Their body is domed, with somewhat flatter areas along the edges. When disturbed they can press themselves close to the leaf surface with all appendages safely protected underneath, somewhat in the manner a tortoise can withdraw into its shell….

Foldscopic views of Praying mantis (Legs and Antennae)

The Praying mantis (Mantis religiosa) is a most interesting and enjoyable beneficial insect to have around the garden and farm. It is large, much elongated, slow-moving insect with fore legs fitted for seizing and holding insect prey. Praying mantids have long necks topped by a triangular head. It is the only known insect that can…

Brown marmorated stink bug found on mulberry leaves under Foldscope

Brown marmorated stink bug adult is a typically-shaped stink bug having marbled brown colour. Characteristics: Eggs: The eggs of the brown marmorated stink bug are a light green or light blue color, 1 mm in diameter, and are laid in clutches of approximately 28 eggs. Eggs are usually located on the underside of leaves of…

Images of Bihar hairy caterpillars were found in mulberry under Foldscope

Bihar hairy caterpillar, Spilarctia oblique Walker is a polyphagous pest which infests several crops including Mulberry. The fully grown caterpillar larva is stout and cylindrical, brown at initial stage and later reddish in colour, the head of the larva was dark brown and conspicuous dark anterior and posterior patches of the larva. The larvae had…

Multicoloured Asian Lady Beetle under foldscope

Mealybugs of mulberry plant observed under Foldscope

These are female Mealybugs which lack wings and retain legs and can crawl for short distance. They feed on plant sap, normally in leaves, roots, bottoms of fruit. They attach themselves to the plant and secrete a powdery wax layer used for protection while they suck the plant juices. The infesting stages are both nymph…