Microscopic image of Chaetomorpha algae

Chaetomorpha Algae, also known as Spaghetti Algae or Green Hair Algae, is an excellent macro algae for refugiums. … Chaetomorpha Algae removes both phosphates and nitrates from the water. 

An Aurelia scyphistoma

The scyphistoma is a sessile, larval (non-reproductive) stage of Aurelia, which in time turns into a strobila. Scyphistoma sometime multiplies by budding from stolons. After some time scyphistoma undergoes transverse fission at its oral end, a process called strobilation.  .


Cyclops are tiny crustaceans of the family Cyclopidae, also called water fleas. They are usually found in stagnant bodies of fresh water such as wells and ponds in poor agricultural communities in rural or periurban areas. Cyclops are just visible (0.5–2 mm) and can be recognized by their jerky mode of swimming. They feed on…


Oikopleura dioca, the appendicularians are hermaphrodites and the gonads occupy a relatively large part of the body in mature individuals, sometimes producing the curvature of the trunk of the animal. The length of the tail is three times the length of the body. The tail has a neural chord or notochord, covered by a well-developed…

Observed live Chironomus Larvae under Foldscope

Chironomidae, also known as Chironomids, belongs to phylum Arthropoda “. Larval stages are found in almost any aquatic or semiaquatic habitat. Larvae are bright red in color due to presence of hemoglobin; these are frequently known as “bloodworms”. Observed the thoracic basal ring of the larvae.


The eye arrangement can be a key factor when identifying spiders to family, and sometimes to genus, but are almost never useful in identifying to species. For identifying to species, spinnerets and leg details (especially first and 4th legs) are also useful. However, the best thing anyone can do is to get an extreme closeup…


Spirogyra is commonly found in clean water and it produces food through the process of photosynthesis. Usually, spirogyra algae are seen as floating slimy masses, during summer. They are often referred to as ‘scum’. Spirogyra is a genus of green algae that belong to the order Zygnematales. These free-flowing, filamentous algae are characterized by ribbon-shaped chloroplasts…

Fungus on rotten onion

           The presence of black, powdery spore masses of the fungus between the outer fleshy scale and the adjacent papery scale or between the layers of papery scales. The spore masses are usually heaviest around the neck of the onion and have a tendency to follow the veins down the sides….

Common Fruit Fly

Drosophila melanogaster, red eyed, wild type. It is widely used for biological research in genetics, physiology, microbial pathogens, and life history evolution