Trichoderma fungus

By Vidya GA and Soumitra Banerjee CIIRC-Jyothy Institute of Technology, Bangalore, Karnataka The genus Tricoderma is one of the most abundant fungi that have been shown to be present in all climatic zones. As such, it can be found in virtually all soils or rotting wood given that they are found in the roots of…

Identification keys of storage pest: Confused flour beetle- #Indiafoldscopephase 1

Assumed pest: Confused flour beetle(Tribolium confusum) Confused flour beetle attacks stored grains and stored foods. Adults and larvae feed on broken kernels and finely ground materials in grain storages, flour mills, warehouses and wherever grain or grain products are stored. Morphological characteristics (as observed under foldscope) Adults are approximately 3 – 4 mm long and reddish brown…

Viewing mushroom strucutres under foldscope-#Indiafoldscopephase 1

Mushroom bought from a local shop in bangalore was observed for its microscopic strucuters under foldscope . A very thin scalp from the skin of the cap was removed using a sharp razor blade and mounted on a slide to view under foldscope. There are two basic cuticle structures, one is Cellular – where the…

Observation of microstructural morphological changes during germination of Horse gram(Dicot seed) using Foldscope-#Indiafoldscopephase 1

Horse gram (Macrotyloma uniflorum) is considered as underutilized legume and often referred as poor man’s pulse. This legume is cultivated particularly in southern part of India, i.e. Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh etc. This pulse contains high amount of nutritional properties and are known for their therapeutic values.  For consumption, horse gram is generally germinated, which causes…