RUST IN CARDAMOM

The section showing cardamom rust spores caused by Phakospora elettaria  observed under foldscope from ICAR-NOFRI, Sikkim

WHITE RUST ON LEAVES OF BRASSICA JUNCEA

Section showing white rust spores of Albugo candida on Brassica Juncea under foldscope from ICAR-NOFRI, Tadong, Sikkim. Symptoms: yellow lesions on the upper leaf surface and white blister-like pustules on the underside of the leaf. Generally, the upper surface of the leaves remain chlorotic, however in advanced stages, white lesions may form on the upper…

POWDERY MILDEW OF CHAYOTE

A section showing conidia of Powdery mildew in cucurbits caused by two fungus, Sphaerotheca fuliginea (syn. Podosphaera xanthii) and Erysiphe cichoracearum (syn. Golovinomyces cichoracearum) viewed under foldscope from ICAR-NOFRI, Sikkim. Symptoms 1.Older lesions turn brown and appeared shriveled 2. Mycelium of fungus forms mats and appears as white, grayish white or tan colored patches on…

CERCOSPORA LEAF SPOT OF LAI SAAK

A section showing Cercospora beticola conidia taken from lai saak leaves, viewed under foldscope , ICAR-NOFRI ,Sikkim. Symptoms: Infection and lesion formation initially occur on older leaves before progressing to newer ones. Lesions at maturity are 1/8 inch in diameter and appear light gray-colored to dark tan with a brown to purple border. Severely affected leaves wither and die…

    Spores of wild mushroom viewed under foldscope by scrapping the leaf, ICAR-NOFRI, Sikkim

SPORES OF MUSHROOM

The section showing spores of mushroom isolated from mushroom culture plate under foldscope from ICAR-NOFRI, Sikkim