No age for exploring the miniature world..

Today my 4.6 year old daughter Avina Sebastin found a feather of pigeon, immediately picked it up and said that she wants to see it using foldscope.She was soo adamant and immediately I had to focus under the foldscope and show it to her.She was very happy to see the feather she found under the…


Orchids belongs to the family orchidaceae and bears colourful,attractive and fragrant flowers.The flowers are bilaterally symmetrical and has a modified petal and fused stamens and carpels.

Calotropis gigantia….

Date – 26th December, 2018 Place- Mysore Specimen collected by- Austin Bennett Class – 5 School – Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Mysore The latex of Calotropis gigantia is a milky juice and is known to cause toxic karatoconjunctivitis and reversible vision loss.It is also a rich source of useful components that has medicinal properties. It controls…

Venation in Lantana ..

Lantana camera is one of the problematic invasive plants which grows in open places.Being a dicot,the leaf has reticulate venation.

Observation of variegated leaf…

Date-26th Dec, 2018 Place-Mysore Leaves are green due to the presence of chlorophyll pigment. Some leaves of croton and other plants have red and yellow pigment in addition to chlorophyll. The variegated leaf was observed through foldscope and different pigments were identified. It was amazing to observe variety of pigment molecules through foldscope. The red…

Contour feather of pigeon..

Contour feather are outside feathers of birds and they provide colour and shape to the birds. The presence of feathers in birds is an adaptation for flight .They also help in insulation .  

Scales of fish..

One of the adaptation of fish is the presence of scales upon their skin. These scales  protect their skin from attacks by predators ,parasites and other injuries .The morphology of  a scale is used to identify the species of fish it came from .Cartilaginous  fishes are covered with placoid scales. Bony fishes are covered with…

Lovely microworld of Tulsi under foldscope

Ocimum tenuiflorum commonly known as tulsi an aromatic perennial plant. It belongs to family lamiaceae. It is also known as holy basil or queen of herbs and has holistic property .Tulsi is a medicinal plant and is used to cure many diseases. It was amazing to observe the parts of Tulsi flower under the foldscope.

Coffee powder

Coffee is a beverage derived from brewed coffee beans that enables people to quickly prepare hot coffee by adding hot water to the powder and stirring. Adding milk to it is optional.

Observation of infected leaf of Pongamia

Leaves of Pongamia species infected with leaf spot disease was observed under the foldscope. The pathogen causes severe leaf deformities giving yellowish appearance to the leaves .

Kohlrabi vegetable peel and leaf under foldscope

Kohlrabi is a member of cabbage family .The skin has a rubbery texture and is generally light green in colour. When the peel was observed under the foldscope,thr cells were seen to be closely arranged . .

Brooke Bond flavoured tea under foldscope

7 Tea is an important beverage used by most people. The traditional flavoured tea is made of cardamom, ginger, licorice,ashwaganda and tulsi . When observed under the foldscope the flakes of all the ingredients used for flavoured tea was seen.The flavoured tea is said to enhance immunity based on ayurveda.

Down feather of Pigeon

One of the adaptation of birds is the presence of feathers on their body.Feathers traps air and insulates the body against heat loss.Down feather of Pigeon is small,soft and wooly.

Anther and pollen grains of Red turk’s cap

Malvaviscus penduliflorus commonly known as Red turk’s cap bears red flowers. The pollen grains inside the anther and released pollen grains were observed under the foldscope .The pollen grains contain the male gametes which fuses with the female gamete after pollination.  Anthers showing outer exine

Stomata of Malabar spinach leaf

Basella alba commonly known as malabar spinach is used as green leafy vegetable. It is a dicot plant and has more number of stomata on the lower surface compared to the upper surface to avoid excess transpiration. It was amazing to observe the stomata under  foldscope showing the opening -stoma enclosed by guard cells and the…

Petal cells of Tabernaemontana divaricata

Tabernaemontana divaricata commonly known as crape jasmine or chandni bears white flowers.The petal cells observed under the foldscope showed spherical cells which were closely arranged with little intercellular spaces.

Strawberry – Persistent calyx under foldscope

Calyx is the first whorl of the flower and is green and leaf like.Generally  calyx  falls off after the  flower turns into fruit but in strawberry and some plants the calyx remains intact and forms a green whorl on the fruit.Such calyx is called persistent calyx.                   …

Cockroach -wings under foldscope.

  Cockroach are probably the largest group of animals which belongs to the phylum Arthropoda.They have jointed legs. The wings of cockroach help them in flight. Under the foldscope the wings show branching with longitudinal veins and multiple cross veins.

Stomata and trichomes of Plectranthus amboinicus

Trichomes are specialised epidermal cells or appendages on leaves.The surface of the leaf of Plectranthus amboinicus is smooth and densly clothed with glandular or non glandular trichomes .

Cotton fibres under foldscope

Cotton fibres are seed hairs from plants of the family Malvaceae.It  is the most important natural textile fibre as well as cellulosic textile fibre. Cotton fibres are trichomes or seed coat hairs that differentiate from epidermal cells of the cotton seed.

Cotton thread under foldscope

A cotton thread looks like a single strand but it’s actually tightly twisted and made up of strands having equally balanced twist producing a circular cross section.This can be clearly seen in the picture taken through foldscope.