Foldscope Day 3: Ants, Pollen, and Berries up close

Ants

I stuck an ant under the foldscope. The ant and the foldscope did not disappoint. What looks to the eye approximately like this…

ant on a slide

…under the foldscope, is transformed into this.

ant head 2

ant head

So of course, I had to take a video and explore this ant further. Here’s what I saw. Amazingly, the ant is actually translucent, you can see right inside it!! I wasn’t expecting that. There’s so much to see here… post a comment with something interesting you notice.

Pollen

We have a vase of these flowers at home in Delhi. (Actually, I think they’re meant to be filler for the massive pink flowers behind them.)

flower bunch

Here’s what an individual flower looks like. It’s quite small, about a centimeter across. If you know what flower this is, please post a comment and I’ll update the post.

flower

So I took a flower, placed it on a slide and put it under the foldscope (at 140X magnification). Here’s what I saw.

anther inset

IMG_7195

You’re looking at the anther, the part of the flower that makes pollen and is coated with the stuff. Around it are individual grains of pollen. To give you a sense of scale, I estimate the anther in the image above is between 0.3-0.5 mm long. Based on this, I estimate each pollen grain to be about 15 microns in diameter.

IMG_7193

I spent some time staring at these pollen grains. I’m really impressed with how clearly we can see them under the foldscope. It’s kind of mesmerizing to look at…. I’m so curious about their shape.IMG_7197

I also tried using the high magnification lens (480X) to take a closer look.

IMG_7200

You can see diffraction rings forming around each pollen grain. That’s interesting.. does this mean 15 microns is running up against the diffraction limit of this system? I wonder if you could use this image of the fringes to calculate something interesting…

Winterberry

Next up, a friend gifted my parents a bunch of these red berries for the holidays.

berry context

The berries are a kind of holly known as winterberry (Ilex verticillata), native to North America. As you can see, they’re incredibly bright red. I was curious to look at the pigment under the microscope, so I peeled the skin and cut off a small piece of the peel to put under the foldscope.

berry skin

I think those are probably individual cells I’m seeing. I wondered about what gives this berry peel its bright red color… are its cells dyed with some kind of pigment?

While panning around, I found a single sheet of cells exposed at the edge of the peel.

berry skin edge

So I zoomed in to check it out…

cells closeup

I swapped in the high magnification lens to take a closer look.

cells zoom

It kind of blows my mind that I can just peer into a creature’s cells. I remember wanting to do this when I was 8 or 9 years old (actually back then I was convinced I could see cells with my eyes, but that’s another story).

One more thing…

I’ve been trying with limited success to image a drop of water. I made a video of my first attempt at seeking the creatures lurking in a drop of water. And Manu gave me some tips on imaging life in water. More on this in a post coming shortly.

3 Comments Add yours

  1. Manu Prakash says:

    @Aatish: love the ant video; it’s moving and possibly alive. Also; usually I don’t see the eyes so well.. I have always puzzled over the fact that some insects have a very thin “waistline” – that would imply the food canal, all the motor nerves would all pass through this narrow pipe. Something to ponder about 🙂

    Cheers
    Manu

  2. laksiyer says:

    @Aatish. The pollen is really small, second smallest I have seen. The smallest one being mimosa. I would be happy to put it into the pollen database collection with your notes and name..
    https://microcosmos.foldscope.com/?p=4186

    Yes we need to figure out the name and family too, but perhaps nurseries can easily help you with it.

  3. aatish says:

    @manu Great point about the thin waist.. that is quite astonishing to see.

    @laksiyer Sure, that would be great. That pollen gallery is really cool. Also interesting that this pollen is particularly small, I didn’t have any context for scale, but it makes sense since the flower was pretty small too. I’ll try to find out the name of the flower for the database.

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