Among various types of natural silk fibers, muga silk (Antheraea assamensis) has the highest traditional and economical importance. It is mainly cultivated in northeast India and is generally used for making traditional garments with a variety of conventional designs. It is mainly composed of two sub-fibers, and are known as fibroin. The two fibroins are surrounded and cemented together by aglue-like protein known as sericin. As a natural silk, it is mainly composed of a protein which has multiple Hbonds in its beta sheet secondary structure. As compared to all other natural silk fibers, muga silk possesses unique properties such as inherent natural golden color, highest tensile strength, high durability, stain free and moisture absorbent properties, anti-flammable and anti-bacterial properties, biocompatibility, etc.