Foldscope is so affordable and can easy to used anywhere, it brings science to our daily life activities. I’m looking forward to work with the foldscope it is very easy to carry and handling a foldsope is innovative learning to me.

With the help of foldscope I observed anatomical characters in plant stem and also studied the trichome morphology. This experience was amazing to me.

Anatomy – 1

Acalypha indica Linn.

            My first anatomical section was taken from Acalypha indica Linn. commonly called as Indian copperleaf belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae

          Habit of Acalypha indica

Here is the first foldscope image….


T.S of Acalypha indica stem
Beautiful view of Unicellular trichome
View of Vascular bundles

Important characters:

  • Presence of thick cuticle and non-glandular unicellular trichomes in epidermal region.
  • Followed by 2-3 layers of collenchyma and rest are parenchymatous cortex.
  • With the help of foldscope I have clearly observed the continuous ring of vascular tissues made up of xylem and phloem.

With the support of foldscope under high magnification I clearly viewed Sphaeraphides and glandular matter in cortex and pith region.

Anatomy – 2

Adhatoda vasica Nees.

Habit of Adhatoda vasica Nees
I went side to the tree and got a good look at that thin low branches that hold flowers
Blooming twig

Adhatoda vasica commonly called as Malabar nut belongs to the family Acanthaceae.

T.S of Adhatoda vasica stem – Foldscope image

Important characters:   

  • I adjusted focus ramp in foldscope I clearly seen the vascular bundle they are arranged in siphonostele pattern which encloses a wide central pith.
  • Starch grains and calcium oxalate crystals are seen in the middle region under high zoom foldscope image.

Euphorbia hirta L.

Aerial view of Euphorbia hirta


This is my eminent pic in foldscope I have never taken before – Trichome

I really surprised to view the single trichome in the outer region which is multicellular and uniseriate.

At that time I awe to capture that adorable pic in my mobile phone with the help of foldscope.

So I greatfully acknowledge Dr. Manu prakash Ms. Christine Q Kurinara, and the prakash lab at Stanford university for encouraging and supporting me in this project.

I also thank department of biotechnology for providing me the wonderful opportunity to exposure myself in foldscope.



4 Comments Add yours

  1. laksiyer says:

    These are gorgeous images. Perhaps we should collect a database of ts images from all plant parts that we can lay our hands on. If you have an idea of how we can do it, we can all follow a standard protocol and build something huge.

  2. SHARMILA says:

    Thank you for your wonderful comment … Sure sir i will check and verify it.

  3. Manu Prakash says:

    Fantastic @Sharmila. Thrilled to see the level of detail and clarity in your work and pictures. Quick question: are the colors in the cross sections of the plants natural or did you use a stain. If natural – what a beautiful spectrum of colors.

    Also; you might look at trichome growth by doing “time lapse imaging” with a foldscope – specially, play with “in-Situ” imaging. I would love to see a trichome grow under a foldscope 🙂

    See some hints here:

    Keep exploring.


  4. SHARMILA says:

    Thank you Manu sir… In my study I have used Safranin, because it is a counter stain to differentiate all mechanical and vascular tissues in plant anatomy. If the plant is naturally pigmented means it don’t require any stain. Thanks for ur cheerful comment sir:)

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