Feather of Peacock

We observed the feather of peacock under foldscope and learned about the cells of rachis. The feather consist of  Vane, Rachis, Barbs and Hollow shafts. The rachis contains pith, which is composed of air-filled keratinised epithelial cells surrounded by a solid keratinised outer cortex. … Barbs: The series of branches fused to the rachis, constituting the major surface area of…


Trichomes serve a variety of functions, depending on their location. As root hairs (and as leaf hairs in epiphytes), trichomes absorb water and minerals. As leaf hairs, they reflect radiation, lower plant temperature, and reduce water loss. They also provide defense against insects.

Twinning program between Foldscope teams of The D. G. Ruparel College, Mumbai and Bijni College, Assam.

On  fourth day i.e. 29th September 2018 we conducted a National Workshop on “Foldscope: Assembly, Hands-on Training and Applications” in Basugaon Higher Secondary School, Chirang District, Assam. The workshop included an interactive talk with the students which was given by Dr. Sewali Pathak- Principal Investigator Assam and Junior Research  Fellow- Ms.Priti Dubey, Mumbai. This was…

Twinning program between Foldscope teams of The D. G. Ruparel College, Mumbai and Bijni College, Assam.

On third day we dissected four more freshwater fishes namely Epidocephalicthys gunthea, Psilorhyncus balitora, Acanthocobitis botia and Borioa darieo. We learned the taxonomic method of identification through foldscope. We prepared slides of different parts of body of fishes which included Mouth parts, Fins, Gills, and Scales. We observed all the slides through foldscope. We also prepared…


The eye arrangement can be a key factor when identifying spiders to family, and sometimes to genus, but are almost never useful in identifying to species. For identifying to species, spinnerets and leg details (especially first and 4th legs) are also useful. However, the best thing anyone can do is to get an extreme closeup…

Bryophyta Leaves

Funaria hygrometrica is the most common species. Funaria hygrometrica is called “cord moss” because of the twisted seta. The name is derived from Latin word “funis” meaning a rope. Leaves are arranged on the axis in spiral fashion. The leaves are sessile, simple, green and distinct mid rib. The leaf is single layered thick except…

Documentation on the Collection of Cattle ticks

In response to Dr.Manu Prakash’s comment on our previous post, we are presenting the process of tick collection and the surroundings from which the ticks were collected. The ticks were collected from the cow  which had come to Large Animal Clinic (LAC) , Madras Veterinary College  on 27th September 2018 with the following symptoms:  fever,…

Workshop conducted in Cosmos High School, Mumbai

The Foldscope Team of D. G. Ruparel College conducted a workshop at Cosmos High School, Borivali, Mumbai on the 22nd of September, 2018.  The students were thrilled to be introduced to this awesome paper microscope. They were very eager to prepare their own slides which they later observed through the Foldscopes.

Foldscope Workshop held on 18 September 2018

The Foldscope Team of D. G. Ruparel College, Mumbai conducted a workshop on Introduction and Applications of Foldscope in Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan’s Bhavan’s College, Andheri, Mumbai on 18th September, 2018. An introductory lecture on Foldscope was given to the participants after which they were taken to the laboratory wherein they prepared slides of fungi, Lactobacillus,…

An organism growing on a table

[An organism was growing on a table and it made me curious so i took an photo of it,that thing was very thin and amazing

Yeast Cells

Yeast is a living organism. It can be used to make bread and alcoholic drinks such as beer and wine. Different species of yeast may cause infections such as thrush. Yeast consists of single cells. They are smaller than animal and plant cells, but slightly larger than bacteria.

Xylem and Phloem of a Monocot Plant

Dicot stems have their vascular bundles in a ring arrangement. Monocot stems have most of their vascular bundles near the outside edge of the stem. … Monocot roots, interestingly, have their vascular bundles arranged in a ring. Dicot roots have their xylem in the center of the root and phloem outside the xylem.

Hair follicle

The base of the hair follicle is called the bulb. The hair bulb contains the actual hair producing part (tissue) known as the Dermal Papilla. The Dermal Papillae connects with the blood vessels to draw the nutrients for hair growth.

Elodea plant cell

This Elodea leaf cell exemplifies a typical plant cell. It has a nucleus, and a stiff cell wall which gives the cell its box-like shape. The numerous green chloroplasts allow the cell to make its own food (by photosynthesis). The central vacuole takes up most of the volume of the cell. It is transparent, but…

Protozoa in healthy Rumen Vs Rumen acidosis

Rumen acidosis is a serious condition by which there is a drastic decrease in the pH of the rumen in cattle. Rumen lactic acidosis develops in ruminants that have ingested large amounts of feed rich in carbohydrates. It results in the production of large quantities of Volatile fatty acids (VFA) and lactic acid, thereby decreasing…

Foldscope workshop & Trail

The Foldscope team of D.G. Ruparel College organised a workshop for M.Sc. Zoology  second year students.  On 6th September 2018, a hands-on session was held wherein the participants assembled their own Foldscopes with  great interest. On 11th September 2018, the participants were taken to Malad Trail in Sanjay Gandhi National Park. They took their Foldscopes…

Foldscope Orientation Workshop

A workshop for tenth standard students of S.R.T Vidya Mandir High School, Virar, Palghar District, was conducted on 8th September 2018 by the Foldscope Team from D.G. Ruparel College, Mumbai. A total of 100 participants from both English and Hindi medium attended the workshop with great enthusiasm. They were greatly thrilled to see the slides…

Cervical features are consistent with prolapse

The section from exocervix shows hyperplastic stratified squamous epithelium consistent with the clinical findings of prolapse as seen under Foldscope from Department of Paediatrics and the Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Tonsillar Cyst

The section shows cystic structure lined by stratified squamous epithelium with inflammatory cells in the space and surrounding lymphoid tissue as seen under Foldscope from Department of Paediatrics and the Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain


The section shows cervix lined by stratified squamous epithelium with lymphocytic infiltrate as seen under Foldscope from Department of Paediatrics and the Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain