Ophryoscolex purkynjie in rumen fluid

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Ophryoscolex Ophryoscolex purkynjie protozoa present in the rumen fluid of cattle was identified by methyl green staining using foldscope. Ophryoscolex purkynje body is characterized by the long caudal spinatin. Rumen fluid was collected from a healthy cow. Smear…

Compound eye of Chironomidae

Midges (Chironomidae) are the most wide spread and numerous insects resembling mosquitoes.  Adult Midges are commonly observed flying in swarms or “clouds”, or are seen resting on fences, walls, under eaves and in protected areas such as porches and entryways.  https://napamosquito.org/vectors-and-pests/mosquitoes/harmless-mosquito-like-insects/

Entodinium longinucleatum in rumen fluid of cattle

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Entodinium Entodinium longinucleatum protozoa was identified using foldscope.Entodinium longinucleatum is ellipsoid, flattened and it is found in the rumen of cattle.Rumen fluid was stained by methyl green.

Video showing movement of cilia of Eudiplodinium maggii

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Eudiplodinium Video showing the movement of cilia of Eudiplodinium maggii . visualized under foldscope.

Collection of rumen fluid

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. This post is in response to Manu Prakash’s comment on our previous post (Ostracodinium nucleolobum in rumen fluid). Video showing the collection of rumen fluid from the cattle by using rumen fluid collection pump.

Elytroplastron bubali in rumen fluid

DBT Foldscope scheme – “Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Elytroplastron Elytroplastron bubali present in the rumen fluid of cattle was identified using foldscope. Elytroplastron bubali has skeletal plates on upper side

Polyplastron multivesiculatum -Protozoa in rumen fluid

DBT scheme – “Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Polyplastron Polyplastron multivesiculatum protozoawas identified using foldscope. Polyplastron multivesiculatum has distinct operculum and it is found in the rumen of cattle.

Diplodinium dentatum in rumen fluid

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Diplodinium Diplodinium dentatum protozoa in rumen fluid of cattle was identified using foldscope. Diplodinium dentatum has six heavy incurved posterior spines

Binary fission of protozoa

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Binary fission of protozoa visualized under foldscope

Ostracodinium nucleolobum in rumen fluid

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Ostracodinium Ostracodinium nucleolobum was identified using foldscope. Morphology of Ostracodinium nucleolobum is roughly triangular to flattened ellipsoidal and left side is slightly convex, while right side is nearly flat.

Ostracodinium mammosum in rumen fluid

DBT scheme- “Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Ostracodinium Ostracodinium mammosum was identified using foldscope. Morphology of Ostracodinium mammosum has two caudal lobes, round lobe on left side and concave lobe on right side.

Eremoplastron in rumen fluid

DBT Foldscope scheme – “Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Rumen fluid was collected from a healthy cow. Smear was prepared with one drop of rumen fluid, stained with lugol’s iodine and visualized under foldscope. Protozoa under the genus Eremoplastron was identified.

Polyplastron in rumen fluid

DBT Foldscope scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Rumen fluid was collected from a healthy cow. Smear was prepared with one drop of rumen fluid, stained with lugol’s iodine and visualized under foldscope. Protozoa under the genus Polyplastron was identified.

Entodinium nanellum in rumen fluid

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Entodinium Entodinium nanellum was identified using foldscope. Morphology of Entodinium nanellum is ovoid, found in the rumen of cattle.

Diplodinium monocanthum in rumen fluid

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Diplodinium monocanthum Diplodinium monocanthum was identified using foldscope. Morphology of Diplodinium monocanthum is oval to triangular with posterioroblique and truncated end. It is found in the rumen of cattle.

Ostrachodinium tiete in rumen fluid

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Ostrachodinium Ostrachodinium tiete was identified using foldscope. Morphology of Ostrachodinium tiete is ellipsoid, with small lobe at the posterior side.

Metadinium in rumen fluid

DBT Foldscope scheme – “Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Rumen fluid was collected from a healthy cow. Smear was prepared with one drop of rumen fluid, stained with lugol’s iodine and visualized under foldscope. Protozoa under the genus Metadinium was identified based on the morphology- two skeletal plates fused…

Dasytricha in Rumen fluid

DBT Foldscope scheme – “Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle” Rumen fluid was collected from a healthy cow. Smear was prepared with one drop of rumen fluid, stained with lugol’s iodine stain and visualized under foldscope. Protozoa under the genus Dasytricha was identifid based on the morphology -Oval body, covered…

Enoploplastron in rumen fluid

DBT Foldscope scheme –“Foldscope for diagnosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa present in rumen fluid under the genus Enoploplastron was identified using Foldscope. Enoploplastron is elongated, slightly ellipsoidal in shape.

Epidinium in rumen fluid

DBT Foldscope scheme- “Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle” Epidinium is a rumen ciliate, present in large numbers in cattle fed with high starch diets.

Eudiplodinium in rumen fluid

DBT Foldscope scheme- “Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Rumen Protozoa under the genus Eudiplodinium was identified using foldscope.

Ostrachodinium in rumen fluid

DBT Foldscope scheme –” Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Rumen Protozoa under the genus Ostrachodinium was identified using Foldscope. Ostrachodinium is having one large skeletal plate of board shaped and three contractile vacuoles between macronucleus and left body wall. Body ends with large lobe. It is found in the…

Diplodinium in rumen fluid

DBT Foldscope scheme – “Foldscope for diagnosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle” Rumen fluid was collected from a healthy cow. Smear was prepared with one drop of rumen fluid, stained with methyl green and visualized under foldscope. Protozoa under the genus Diplodinium was identified. Morphology of Diplodinium is large rounded body, thick…

Hair on body of Honey bee

Closeup of hairs on the thorax of a worker bee. Each hair is branched (plumose), enabling it to trap pollen grains more effectively.