Entodinium caudatum in rumen fluid

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Entodinium Entodinium caudatum protozoa in the rumen of cattle was identified using foldscope.

Entodinium dilobum in rumen fluid

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Entodinium Entodinium dilobum protozoa in the rumen fluid of cattle was identified using Foldscope. The organism is ellipsoidal with two incurved spines that nearly touch at their tips.

Ostracodinium obtusum in rumen fluid

DBT scheme -“Foldscope for diagnosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Ostracodinium Ostracodinium obtusum protozoa was identified using foldscope. Ostracodinium obtusum has an elongated oval body with no caudal lobes or spines. It is found in rumen of the cattle.

Metadinium ypsilon in rumen fluid

DBT scheme -“Foldscope for diagnosis rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Metadinium Metadinium ypsilon protozoa was identified using foldscope. Metadinium ypsilon is a rare species found in the rumen of cattle.

Blepharoconus krugerensis in rumen fluid

DBT scheme -“Foldscope for diagnosis rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Blepharoconus Blepharoconus krugerensis protozoa was identified using foldscope. Blepharoconus krugerensis has a regular shaped ovoid body that is flattened dorso- ventrally. It is found in the rumen of cattle.

Charonina ventriculi in rumen fluid

DBT scheme -“Foldscope for diagnosis rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle” Protozoa under the genus Charonina Charonina ventriculi protozoa was identified by using foldscope. Anterior end is bluntly pointed and the posterior end more finely tapered.

Video showing the movement of Eremoplastron bovis

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Eremoplastron Video showing the movement of cilia of Eremoplastron bovis ,visualized under the foldscope.

Ophryoscolex purkynjie in rumen fluid

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Ophryoscolex Ophryoscolex purkynjie protozoa present in the rumen fluid of cattle was identified by methyl green staining using foldscope. Ophryoscolex purkynje body is characterized by the long caudal spinatin. Rumen fluid was collected from a healthy cow. Smear…

Compound eye of Chironomidae

Midges (Chironomidae) are the most wide spread and numerous insects resembling mosquitoes.  Adult Midges are commonly observed flying in swarms or “clouds”, or are seen resting on fences, walls, under eaves and in protected areas such as porches and entryways.  https://napamosquito.org/vectors-and-pests/mosquitoes/harmless-mosquito-like-insects/

Entodinium longinucleatum in rumen fluid of cattle

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Entodinium Entodinium longinucleatum protozoa was identified using foldscope.Entodinium longinucleatum is ellipsoid, flattened and it is found in the rumen of cattle.Rumen fluid was stained by methyl green.

Video showing movement of cilia of Eudiplodinium maggii

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Eudiplodinium Video showing the movement of cilia of Eudiplodinium maggii . visualized under foldscope.

Collection of rumen fluid

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. This post is in response to Manu Prakash’s comment on our previous post (Ostracodinium nucleolobum in rumen fluid). Video showing the collection of rumen fluid from the cattle by using rumen fluid collection pump.

Elytroplastron bubali in rumen fluid

DBT Foldscope scheme – “Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Elytroplastron Elytroplastron bubali present in the rumen fluid of cattle was identified using foldscope. Elytroplastron bubali has skeletal plates on upper side

Polyplastron multivesiculatum -Protozoa in rumen fluid

DBT scheme – “Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Polyplastron Polyplastron multivesiculatum protozoawas identified using foldscope. Polyplastron multivesiculatum has distinct operculum and it is found in the rumen of cattle.

Diplodinium dentatum in rumen fluid

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Diplodinium Diplodinium dentatum protozoa in rumen fluid of cattle was identified using foldscope. Diplodinium dentatum has six heavy incurved posterior spines

Binary fission of protozoa

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Binary fission of protozoa visualized under foldscope

Ostracodinium nucleolobum in rumen fluid

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Ostracodinium Ostracodinium nucleolobum was identified using foldscope. Morphology of Ostracodinium nucleolobum is roughly triangular to flattened ellipsoidal and left side is slightly convex, while right side is nearly flat.

Ostracodinium mammosum in rumen fluid

DBT scheme- “Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Ostracodinium Ostracodinium mammosum was identified using foldscope. Morphology of Ostracodinium mammosum has two caudal lobes, round lobe on left side and concave lobe on right side.

Eremoplastron in rumen fluid

DBT Foldscope scheme – “Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Rumen fluid was collected from a healthy cow. Smear was prepared with one drop of rumen fluid, stained with lugol’s iodine and visualized under foldscope. Protozoa under the genus Eremoplastron was identified.

Polyplastron in rumen fluid

DBT Foldscope scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Rumen fluid was collected from a healthy cow. Smear was prepared with one drop of rumen fluid, stained with lugol’s iodine and visualized under foldscope. Protozoa under the genus Polyplastron was identified.

Entodinium nanellum in rumen fluid

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Entodinium Entodinium nanellum was identified using foldscope. Morphology of Entodinium nanellum is ovoid, found in the rumen of cattle.

Diplodinium monocanthum in rumen fluid

DBT scheme –“Foldscope for dignosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infection in cattle”. Protozoa under the genus Diplodinium monocanthum Diplodinium monocanthum was identified using foldscope. Morphology of Diplodinium monocanthum is oval to triangular with posterioroblique and truncated end. It is found in the rumen of cattle.