Observation of Stained Blood Smear Using Foldscope

The blood smear was stained with Leishman stain and observed under the foldscope thereafter. The Leishman stain consists of two chemical groups, i.e. Azure B (basic dye) and Eosin Y (acidic dye). The erythrocytes stain pink in color due to Eosin Y as hemoglobin is eosinophilic (acidophilic), whereas the Azure B is a cationic dye…

Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Fungi) under Foldscope!!

      Foldscope served as the medium to capture  images of Saccharomyces cerevisiae . First image is of a normal yeast suspension (in media), used to prepare slides and then observed under foldscope. The second image is of a Methylene Blue stained yeast suspension. When we take a closer  look at the images, budding can be…

Foldscope utility workshop

Foldscope workshop conducted in a Nursing College of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain by the team of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Single cell microalgae

Single cell green algae Single cell microalgae under foldscope Single celled microalgae in groups

Posterior Spircale of Chrysomia species

DBT Foldscope scheme “Foldscope for diagnosis of rumen acidosis and parasitic infections in cattle” Here’s a beautiful and detailed picture of the processed Posterior Spiracle of a Chrysomya larvae which was collected from an infected wound of a cow. The steps involved are: The larvae was boiled in 10% NaOH for about 5 mins and was thoroughly…


Fungi observed through foldscope. We can easily see observe sporangium and spore (conidia) structures through foldscope.  

Pollen grain of Lily flower

Pollen grains contain male gametes. When the pollen lands upon the female stigma of another Lily flower, the pollen grain germinates. A tube grows out of the pollen grain through the stigma; the male nuclei pass down this tube and fuse with the female ovules.


Eyelashes protect the eye from debris. It perform some of the same functions as whiskers do on a cat or a mouse, that is they are sensitive to being touched, thus providing a warning that an object is near the eye (which then closes reflexively).

Compound Eye of a Moth

Moths (like many other adult insects) have compound eyes and simple eyes. The Compound eyes are made up of many hexagonal lens/corneas which focus light from each part of the insects field of view onto a rhabdome (the equivalent of our retina). They have simple eyes (ocelli) which can only differentiate dark from light.

Observed Euchlanis Rotifer under Foldscope

Euchlanis is a genus of the microscopic invertebrates known as rotifers. Sometimes alternatively referred to as wheel-animalcules, rotifers feature a characteristic circular arrangement of cilia at their front ends that are reminiscent of a turning wheel when they are in motion. In addition to a ciliated corona, or head, Euchlanis species have transparent bodies and two strong toes…

Proboscis of a Moth.

Moths have very long proboscis, or tongues, which they use to suck nectar or other fluids. These proboscis are very tightly coiled when not in use, like a hosepipe. When in use, the proboscis are uncoiled to their full length and in some species, that length is remarkably long.

T.s brassica root

    It is the plant of family Brassicaceae i.e musturd family . Internal structure of brassica root has epidermis followed by cortex of parenchyama, endodermis is present , vascular bundles at middle of root in between xylem ray pholen bundles are present….

T.s Maize stem

Maize is monocos genus of family Poeceae , produce pollen inflorescence . Anatomy showed circular strusture with thick cuticle nd single layerd epidermis followed by sclerenchymatous hypodermis , multilayer trichomes are present ground tissue is not divided inti pericycle nd pith, V.B are with bundle sheath called atactostele which are oval , collateral, nd closed…

Gnetum male cone

  Male flower arranged in definite rings above each collar on nodes of axis each male cone contain two coherent bracts, annular outgrowth form the premardium of male flower . The innermost layer enclosing sporangenous tissue known as tapetum.

T.s Gnetum leaf

It is gymnosperm of family Gnetalaceae. Tropical evergreen trees or shrub wheech are edible with seeds , leaf anatomy showed distinct epidermis stomata are present everywhere , mesophyll is divided inti pallisade nd spongy tissue , sclereids present at lower epidermis stone cell and latex tubs are present. V.B are conjoint nd collateral…


It is genus of filamentous charophyte green algae of order zygnematates named for helical or spiral arrangement of chloroplasts which is charecteristic of genus. It commonly found in fresh water , it has more than 400 species known….


It is red algear of family batrachospermeaceae commonly found in fresh water . Also known as rodophycean algae  commonly known as frog spongs , the large branched thread like filaments bears dense wholrls of branchlets resembling beads on a string.  Spores are formed in clusture around base of carpogonium after fertilization.