Product of Conception

The section shows chorionic villi lined by cytotrophoblast along with haemorrhage as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Endometrium

A section from endometrium tissue shows atrophic endometrial glands and stromal tissue as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Exocervix

The section shows exocervix lined by covering squamous epithelium and stroma as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Acute Appendicitis

The section shows appendiceal mucosa along with inflammatory cell infiltrate as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Lipoma

The section shows mature adipose tissue separated by fibrous tissue septae as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Black mould on Onion

Mouldy growth was seen in onion on peeling out the dry outer covering. On viewing through the foldscope the fungus was found to be black mould. Presence of sporangium on the sporangiophore/ conidiophore was clearly marked.   Though, onion is known to possess insecticidal, antibacterial and antifungal properties which are attributed to its sulphur containing compounds….

Observed homemade curd under foldscope

Observed homemade curd under foldscope at GGDSD COLLEGE chandigarh. Sample from curd was kept in open (without refrigerator) for 2 days and gram stained . A mixture of cocci and bacilli was observed. Aawe

Observation of milk under foldscope

Observed milk under foldscope at GGDSD College, chandigarh. Milk sample was fermented overnight and then observed by gram staining. A mixture of cocci and few bacilli were observed. 

Lipoma

The section shows mature adipocytes suggestive of lipoma as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Carcinoma

The section shows adipose tissue, fibrous tissue and a blood vessel filled with R BCs as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Colloid Goitre

The section shows thyroid macro follicles filled with eosinophilic colloid as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Prostate

The section shows prostate tissue showing prostatic acini and surrounding stroma as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Thyroid

The section shows thyroid tissue showing follicles lined by flat cuboidal epithelium and filled with colloid as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Product of Conception

The section shows chorionic villi lined by cytotrophoblast and haemorrhage as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Endometrium

A section from endometrium shows cystically dilated atrophic endometrial glands and stromal tissue as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Exocervix

A section from exocervix shows hyperplastic, hyperkeratotic covering squamous epithelium as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Variation in different varieties of Portulaca

In our college garden variously colored  Portulacas are blooming. I was fascinated by the various colours and types and observed their behaviour closely. They are a typical case of Photoperiodism (day length). Commonly called as the Time Flower (Dopahar Khidi in Punjabi), as the flower opens and closes at specific times of the day. Portulacas…

Endometrium

The section shows atrophic endometrial glands along with stromal tissue as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Fibroadenoma

The section shows breast tissue showing both intra and pericanalicular pattern of Fibroadenoma as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Appendix

The section shows appendiceal mucosa along with lymphoid cells and RBCs as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Nasal Polyp

The section shows polyp lined by covering epithelium along with oedematous stroma and inflammatory cells as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Exocervix

Section show covering stratified squamous epithelium and underlying stromal tissue as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Adenocarcinoma

The section from biopsy lungs shows malignant cells forming acini embedded in stromal tissue as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Fibrokeratoma

Section from biopsy thumb shows fibro-collagenous stroma lined by stratified squamous epithelium as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Moss in my garde

I located some moss plants growing in a shady corner of my garden.  On foldscoping, I could make out these were moss protonema (i.e. juvenile moss plants). On germination spores of mosses form green filamentous leafy structures that usually lak midrib. These are called Primary protonema. These then give way to slightly big leafy structures called…

A succulent houseplant- Pepromia under foldscope

There is an evergreen, succulent plant – Pepromia growing in a pot in my courtyard. I observed safranin stained transverse sections of the stem to observe its vascular bundles arranged in a ring under the foldscope. Epidermal peel of the leaf revealed irregular cells with presence of secondary metabolites and some aqueous sap filled cells….

Diseased mango leaf

I spotted a fallen diseased mango leaf under the mango tree growing in my neighborhood. On performing foldscopy it was seen there were brown coloured necrotic patches, with yellowing of leaves around. On teasing the small brown spots, reddish circular spores of an unknown pathogen were seen.   This post is open to read and…

Psoriasis

The section from a skin biopsy shows hyperplastic, hyperkeratotic covering squamous epithelium, elongated rete ridges, spongiosis and papillary oedema as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Endometrium

The section shows endometrial tissue with glands and stroma as seen under Foldscope from Department of Pathology of R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain