Fern Pinnae

Pinnae EdgeYoung Pinnae TipPinnae mid vein with side veinsPinnae mid vein with side veins Pinnae edgePinnae edge

Stomata and Guard Cells

I observed the outer epidermis of a leaf and the skin of a pea pod under my Foldscope. The samples were taken at different times of the day, and we can see both closed and open stomata, depending on when they were taken. Closed Stomata This is a leaf peel from a rhoeo (Tradescantia spathacea)…

Leaf of Fenugreek /मेंथी/मेथी through foldscope

मेथी मायक्रोस्कोप मध्ये कशी दिसते? मेंथी माइक्रोस्कोप में कैसे दिखती है? How does leaf of Fenugreek looks through d Foldscope? Photos taken with d foldscope. Fenugreek has benefits for lowering blood sugar levels, boosting testosterone,& increasing milk production in breastfeeding mothers. Fenugreek may also reduce cholesterol levels, lower inflammation & help with appetite control, pain…

Fern leaf at SFU

On June 3rd & 4th the Simon Fraser University Dept. of Physics hosted more than 90 school children from Surrey, BC, their teachers, 60 local high school teachers and attendees at the 2019 CAP Congress for three Foldscope workshops presented by Manu and his team. (Manu was the Herzberg Memorial Lecturer for the 2019 Canadian…

Magnolia leaf

Are leaves as smooth as they look like? This leaf was taken from a Magnolia tree from garden Lagunita Court. It is a budding new leaf, and was cut into thin pieces before mounted onto slices. Taking an ideal picture was hard because some parts of the leaf were too thick, and block the light…

Seeking help on making sample slides

Hey guys, just needed some help. I have my foldscope with me but am so far I have been unsuccessful in viewing magnified samples. I have tried hair strand, tulsi leaf, onion peel, but to no avail. Please share some guidance on how to make perfect sample slide and other relevant tips w.r.t. viewing sample…

Bryophyta Leaves

Funaria hygrometrica is the most common species. Funaria hygrometrica is called “cord moss” because of the twisted seta. The name is derived from Latin word “funis” meaning a rope. Leaves are arranged on the axis in spiral fashion. The leaves are sessile, simple, green and distinct mid rib. The leaf is single layered thick except…

Stomata of Spider Lily

We can observe the dumbbell shaped cells surrounding the stomata in the monocot plant - Spider Lily ( Lycoris radiata )


My first attempt of using Foldscope and I was totally amazed. After using Foldscope once I have now nurtured many ideas, and now I am looking forward to feed my curiosity.

Epidermis of a Croton leaf

I, along with my fellow students of CMR National PU College at ITPL, Bangalore, observed the epidermis of a Croton leaf on 8th June, 2018. The leaf used for the observation was that of a croton found in my garden. Care was taken to ensure that we use the epidermis from the part of the…

Foldscope at Neuroscience Congress

After I came back from Stanford, the first thing I did was to show the Foldscope to my family and friends. After that, to Universities. Yesterday, I had the first opportunity to show this device to a large group of people. I was invited to a Neurogical Congress in the Province where I live, Mendoza….

Difference Between Cells of a Rose Petal and Cells of a Rose Leaf

Purpose of the experiment: Determine if a rose’s leaf and petal share the same cells. Problem of the experiment: Does a rose leaf and petal share the same shape of cells? Hypothesis: If the Foldscope is used to observe a rose’s leaf and petal, then we will be able to determine whether they share the…


Following are the images of stomata present on lower epidermis of a money plant. I have taken these images from  Moto G2(8mp camera) and with 140x foldscope lens. I was excited to see how clearly those stomata are seen. In the above photo, there were actually more than one layers of tissues. That is why…

The Cell Arrangement of Leaves vs Flower Petals (BioE80 Spr2015)

As humans, we interact with nature very often, and since I am an explorer, I ask many questions when I go outside. There are so many things we can learn from studying the things that go on outdoors, and today, I decided to explore whether or not there are similarities in the cell layout of…

Looking closer to a leaf

              plant cuticles are protective, hydrophobic, waxy coverings produced by the epidermal cells of leaves, young shoots and all other aerial plant organs. Cuticles minimize water loss and effectively reduce pathogen entry due to their waxy secretion.  

Red flower petals

For my 1st foldscope pics, I decided to look at the leaf of a nice flower we have in our lab. Sorry for the blur… I think the semi-organization of the spherical cells is neat. Pictures taken with Ipad 3.    

Elodea cells in science class

Students enjoyed preparing elodea leaves on foldscope slides and examining the structure of the plant cells microscopically.

Cells of a “schefflera” leaf – first foldscope use

                  Because of the pretty shitty weather I made my first attempt with the foldscope with an indoor plant. And I have to say that I’m very impressed! Amazing what this small paper thingy is capable of 🙂   First I tried it just with sunlight and…

Bonsai Chinese Elm Leaf

My first time using the phone camera with the foldscope. The photos are a little blurry, but I hope to improve my technique over time. The leaf itself was very small, about 1 cm in length, so there is not a lot of detail. Happy Foldscoping!!