Penicillium camemberti

This soft cheese is sprayed with an aqueous solution containing Penicillium camemberti to give it a soft, white coating. Here is a picture I took with the Foldscope of some of the scrapings of the coating. You can see some of the conidia and conidiophores.

Nanomaterials- Mustard flakes under foldscope

College- CMR National PU college, ITPL, Bangalore Sample observed- Mustard flakes from Pickle masala, obtained from home Sample observed- at CMR National PU college, on 20/5/19 by Kruti Pandya Research using foldscope has always been very motivating for students to know more and has led them to observe anything and everything under the sun using…

Thrip from Hibiscus flower

College name-CMR National PU college, ITPL, Bangalore Sample observed- Tiny insect from Hibiscus flower growing in our garden Sample observed by- Kids of grade 3 and 8 in an apartment It was fascinating to catch up with kids during summer holidays and encouraging them to observe nature closely. While walking through our apartment garden, kids…


PICTURES TAKEN FROM FOLDSCOPE AT ICAR-National organic farming research institute, Gangtok Sikkim

Leg of lady beetle larva

Lady beetle belongs to order Coleoptera. These are considered as useful insects because they prey on aphids or scale insect pests. Larva of lady beetle has long bodied with six legs. With the help of legs it can move from one location to another on plants in search of predators. Larva is a voracious predator…

Leg of termite

Cercus of cricket

Crickets belong to order Orthoptera. They have a pair of cercus at the end of the abdomen. The cercus is a pair of appendages at the end of the gut of some insects and other arthropods. Many forms of cerci serve as a sensory organ, but some serve as pinching weapons. In many insects, they…

Antenna of cricket

Crickets have a pair of  long slender antennae arising from cone-shaped scapes (first segments) and just behind of antennae, there are two large compound eyes. Insects use antenna as a sensory organ.

Aphid juvenile

Aphids are small sap sucking insects and member of superfamily Aphidoidea.  Aphids are the most destructive insect pests in temperate regions . They are commonly known as greenfly and black fly. Flightless females are giving birth to female nymphs without the involvement of male.

T.S. of Petiole (E. crassipes) stained with tryphan blue

T.S of petiole stained with tryphan blue shows the single layered parenchymatous epidermis. Air spaces are more prominent. Scattered vascular bundles are present. Each bundle has sclerenchymatous bundle cap and shows xylem and phloem.

T.S. of leaf (E. crassipes) stained with methylene blue.

T.S of leaf shows a single layer of the epidermal cells with very thin cuticle. The mesophyll is differentiated into palisade and spongy parenchyma. Two types of vascular bundles are present, larger and smaller. Each vascular bundle is surrounded by a bundle sheath cells.

T.S of Cycas leaflet stained with safranin and fast green

The image shows the epidermis, hypodermis and vascular bundle region. Upper epidermis surrounded by a layer of cuticle. Below the upper epidermis, sclerenchymatous hypodermis region is present. Mesophyll is differentiated into palisade and spongy parenchyma. A single vascular bundle present, showing xylem and phloem.

T.S. of root of Eichhornia crassipes stained with methylene blue.

The image shows the epidermis, cortex and vascular bundle. Single layered epidermis followed by hypodermis region. Outer and inner cortex is made up of parenchymatous cells. Each air space has trabeculae. Stele is surrounded by endodermis and pericycle. Vascular bundle showing xylem, phloem and pith.


The section showing Conidia of Exserohilum turcicum which cause turcicum leaf blight in maize. Observed under foldscope from ICAR-NOFRI ,SIKKIM

Cape Town Science Centre (CTSC) Foldscope Workshops

This Saturday at the Cape Town Science Centre I held the first in a series of workshops for hands-on STEM workshops at the Cape Town Science Centre. Young students and their parents were invited to join in on the DIY origami fun, exposing kids to a low-cost tool to which they were able to see…


French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris )

Popularisation of Foldscope among college students (14/03/2019)

As part of  extenction activity of foldscope for students  we organised a one day hands-on workshop  for  I-M.Sc students regarding the popularisation of  Foldscope. Dr. Tamil Selvi. K. S., Principal investigator of the project explains about assemblage and usage of foldscope. Students enthusiastically participated in the workshop. And the students observed various slides using Fold…

Pollens of unidentified tree

Noticed a strange flower in TISS campus, tried to find its name but couldn’t. Can someone help me identify it? Photographed its pollens with d Foldscope, they look beautiful! Pollen size is ~60 microns. Need help in identifying name of plant.

My wish – Single-celled Vacuum

Here is my wish. I saw this video online and I would like to know how can I make such observation under foldscope? Thanks in advance

The exotic insect

At the very beginning, I thought this is Lice but later it turned out to be a completely different one. This time I achieved the best visual clarity so far by implementing new illumination method -See (B) in part 3- Enjoy the observation! Sneak Peak of the observation: Step by step procedure.1- Sample.This year in…