Moss in my garde

I located some moss plants growing in a shady corner of my garden.  On foldscoping, I could make out these were moss protonema (i.e. juvenile moss plants). On germination spores of mosses form green filamentous leafy structures that usually lak midrib. These are called Primary protonema. These then give way to slightly big leafy structures called…

Raw Honey – polarizing light clip

Raw Honey often contains pollen and tiny bits of beeswax. I think the structure at about 4 o’clock maybe wax, but am not sure if I can say so confidently. As you watch the clip under polarized light, you can see the sugar (primarily glucose and fructose) crystals shimmering. Ambient room temperature is quite high…

A succulent houseplant- Pepromia under foldscope

There is an evergreen, succulent plant – Pepromia growing in a pot in my courtyard. I observed safranin stained transverse sections of the stem to observe its vascular bundles arranged in a ring under the foldscope. Epidermal peel of the leaf revealed irregular cells with presence of secondary metabolites and some aqueous sap filled cells….

Diseased mango leaf

I spotted a fallen diseased mango leaf under the mango tree growing in my neighborhood. On performing foldscopy it was seen there were brown coloured necrotic patches, with yellowing of leaves around. On teasing the small brown spots, reddish circular spores of an unknown pathogen were seen.   This post is open to read and…

Fungal growth on sheath of corn cob

I had gone for roasted corn cob (called Bhutta  in my native language), when I landed on this foldscope adventure. Corn cobs are a delicacy in monsoons, however, before the vendor could roast it on charcoal fire, I noticed black moldy growth on the outer layer of the corn husk.   Surprisingly, another fungal disease…

Spirogyra

Testate amoebae from non irrigated soil ( Cotton field)

Testate amoebae are tiny microscopic single-celled organisms found in soil, water, wetlands etc. The amoeba secretes the siliceous or calcareous shells themselves grow,  and that shell called a ‘test’, hence the name. Testate amoebae. Testate amoebae have one aperture, or hole, in its shell out of which it projects itself to move around and feed. The…

Introducing Foldscope as an Educational Tool @ GGDSD College, Chandigarh

Seeing the interest of the students and the eagerness to view through Foldscope, we have taken an initiative to introduce Foldscope as a study tool. The 2nd year Botany graduates have collection of wild flora and preparation of Herbarium files mandatory in their curriculum laid out by Panjab University, Chandigarh. The students are being encouraged…

Spores in resurrection plant – Selaginella

In vacations I was able to collect a resurrection plant – Selaginella belonging to the group Pteridophytes from Dehradun (India). Selaginella is commonly known as ‘spike moss’ or ‘club moss’. Mostly the species prefer moist and shady places, but a few species are also found growing in xerophytic conditions on rocks and are sold under the…

Peculiar characters observed in flower of Thorn apple (Datura)

Thorn apple – one of the poisonous flowering plant in nightshade family was seen growing along the banks of Ghaggar river in Panchkula district of Haryana (India). It commonly grows as a weed in waste lands along roadside and railway lines. It has trumpet shaped flowers and a spiny capsular fruit with numerous seeds. The…

Moldy growth on Dairy Products

Milk cream left out in open inadvertently during rainy season showed a moldy growth. When seen under a foldscope, a network of aseptate hyphae could be figured. Some sporangiophores bearing sporangia were seen. Trying to go for its identification it was a black mold with white cottony hyphae. The sporangiophores were spherical in shape and…

Flower of Adam’s Needle

Botanically known as Yucca, is a plant of ethnobotanic importance. Its stiff and sword-shaped leaves  have pointed tips The bell-shaped flowers hang loosely in clusters giving it the name – Christmas bells. It is a plant cultivated in rocky gardens and xeriscapes, but otherwise found abundantly in dry wastelands. In my beautiful city Chandigarh (India),…

Mint flower and leaf under Foldscope

Mentha (mint) is an aromatic plant, distributed across Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and North America. Leaf colors range from dark green and gray-green to purple, blue, and sometimes pale yellow. The flowers are white to purple. We observed mint flower and leaves using foldscope. It was a very simple sample preparation, for leaf, I directly placed my…

Moldy growth – In my room wall

A dampened wall due to seepage from rainwater drain pipe was noticed in my room wall and prompted by the post on ‘Air borne fungi’, I mounted the same on a slide to observe under a foldscope. I  was surprised to see fungal hyphae and some unidentified cyst- like structure. However, I could not  identify…

Moss in rainwater

After a few monsoon showers, the water in the large rainwater pool looked quite clear, showing no obvious sign of life, even under the foldscope. But standing in a bottle over 18 days, it got steadily cloudier. Our first surprise came when, at the foldscope workshop, teachers from TSWREIS Chilkur school put a drop of…

MOSSES & THEIR STOMATA

Today, due to heavy rain I could not arrange to go out for field study. So, I started searching for something in my own campus. In the backyard of my school I find some mosses in their sporophyte stages. When I bring them for study, I totally amazed after seeing stomata in their sporangium. After…

Bdelloid rotifer in fresh water

This smallest animal of the Earth was found in drainage water of Dhakuakhana area, Lakhimpur, Assam. The male organism lack of digestive system, our finding may be a female one.

Sticky pollen in Duranta

Foldscope unfolded sticky pollen in another plant – Duranta erecta commonly called Damyanti. Duranta erecta is a common shrub cultivated in gardens as a fence is an invasive species. It bears small blue to purple somewhat tubular flowers hanging out in terminal clusters. I split open a flower to separate stamens and carpel. The petals…

Hidden wonders through foldscope

Referring to my earlier post on ‘Kitchen garden through Foldscope’, I am excited as well as shocked to share the presence of bug or mite which I viewed in the hairy style of bean flower. The stamens and pistil are present within the closed petals – Keel (Carina) and I took them out after giving…

Spotted dove sitting on the stone…. Nature’s ♥ by Abhi

This is the Beautiful bird of our Area Nainital with great knowledge of beats inn known as Ghuguti or Spotted Dove.  I still remember, When I was 7 years old, The Hot summers,  when it used produce sound I really used to get bored and lazy n so I sleep!😂 Ah!!  MISS THOSE DAYS Kingdom:…

Beautiful blue magpie running in the town….. Nature’s ♥ by Abhi

Beautiful n pretty/handsome (Since, don’t know the gender) red-billed blue magpie giving pose as if it knows the fact wê are taking its picture. Lemme give some information abt this beautiful bird with help of a source! Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves Order: Passeriformes Family: Corvidae Genus: Urocissa Species: U. erythroryncha  

Endosperm cells from mature Coconut

This time I took a mature coconut. I took a chip of its fleshy endosperm using a simple blade and saw totally different type of cells under the foldscope. In green coconut (in my previous post), the cells were large in size and polygonal in shape, whereas in mature coconut they seemed to be somewhat…

Kitchen garden through Foldscope

During the summer vacations, I got the opportunity of exploring foldscope as a kitchen garden tool. I was able to see microscopic wonders in my own garden and familiarize the kids and my parents about the usage of foldscope. Bean plant (Phaseolus spp.) I started with a plant with hanging beans. The bean pods were…