Granite pebble stone from Merced river in Yosemite

By using the magnet tapped to the camera of my phone to connect only the lens module of the foldscope, I enabled a way to image the surface of the pebbles. Interestingly, I have seen some very fragile while structure. By breaking the pebbles, we can see an incredible difference outside/inside in terms of color…

Tiny Creatures under Foldscope, that has bloomed my Mind.

While working on these algal culture what i have observed that, there were lots of algal diversity in mats and wall scrapped sample, and these different habitat include different algal diversity ranging from coccus to filamentous forms.

Mysteries of Dal Lake, Kashmir – Part II

After seeing the diverse flora in Part I, here I share the findings on the microbes in the water from Dal Lake. We thought we could find a dense composition of organisms if the water could be centrifuged. Sayantan, a graduate student in biology at TIFR Hyd helped me with this. We put 50 ml…

Mysteries of Dal Lake, Kashmir – Part I

It all started when my friend got a water sample from Dal Lake, Srinagar. The ecosystem of Dal is ecologically rich with 117 recorded species of hydrophytes and phytoplankton. Here are some views of this beautiful Lake: wonder what we can find inside it, under the Foldscope! In my first observation, I saw many microbes…

AMAZING WORLD OF MARINE PLANKTONS – AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY

Students of Artchouna Soupraya Naikar Government Middle School Mudaliarpet collected water samples from the Bay of Bengal using Plankton Nets and observed the Marine Planktons thro Foldscope and photographed it. Students of Artchouna Soupraya Naikar Government Middle School Mudaliarpet collected water samples from the Bay of Bengal using Plankton Nets and observed the Marine Planktons…

Green Algae

Closterium cells are crescent-shaped or elongate and lack spines. Some are quite straight and needle-like, while others are much broader with curved ends. The ends of the cell are usually tapered and may be pointed or rounded. Each semicell has a single axial, ridged chloroplast with at least one pyrenoid Place: SINGERBAND VILLAGE DIST. CACHAR…

Blue Green Algae

Anabaena is a genus of filamentous cyanobacteria that exist as plankton. They are known for nitrogen-fixing abilities, and they form symbiotic relationships with certain plants, such as the mosquito fern. They are one of four genera of cyanobacteria that produce neurotoxins, which are harmful to local wildlife, as well as farm animals and pets. Production…

Blue Green Algae

Scytonema is a genus of photosynthetic cyanobacteria that contains over 100 species. It grows in filaments that form dark mats. Many species are aquatic and are either free-floating or grow attached to a submerged substrate, while others species grow on terrestrial rocks, wood, soil, or plants. Scytonema is a nitrogen fixer, and can provide fixed…

Polluted Diatom

Surirella is a genus of diatoms in the family Surirellaceae. Place: SINGERBAND VILLAGE DIST. CACHAR (ASSAM) Date: 15/02/2019 Time: 12:16pm

Blue Green algae

loeothece Valve slightly sigmoid, linear-lanceolate, with subacute ends, 55-85 µm long, 8.5-12.5 µm wide. Raphe sternum with single curvature, raphe angle +4 to +8°, practically median throughout. Central raphe fissures oppositely deflected dimorphic crooks, difficult to see in LM. Terminal areas very small triangles in semilateral position. A small apical microforamina segment is present at…

Green Algae

Coelastrum Thalli forming 4, 8, 16, 32 or 64 (-128) celled coenobia to ca. 100 &m diameter, organized as spherical, pyramidal or cuboid, free-floating colonies. Cells more-or-less densely alligned but usually with empty spaces between wall interstices. Cells globose, ovoid, or pyramidal 2-30 &m in maximum dimension. Cells joined at edges by specialized wall plaques…

Blue Green

Oscillatoria is a genus of filamentous cyanobacterium which is named after the oscillation in its movement. Filaments in the colonies can slide back and forth against each other until the whole mass is reoriented to its light source. It is commonly found in watering-troughs waters, and is mainly blue-green or brown-green. Oscillatoria is an organism…

Fresh Water Diatom

Gomphonema Colonial cells that form on branched muscilage stalks that are attached to a subtrate. In girdle view the cells are wedge shaped with an enlarged head at the opposite end of the stalk. Cells have one large plastid that lye mostly on one side of the girdle, but do extend partially onto the other…

Fresh Diatom

Pinnularia is a predominantly fresh-water alga, usually found in ponds and moist soil. They can also be found in springs, estuaries, sediments, and oceans. Pinnularia are elongated elliptical unicellular organisms. Their cell walls are composed chiefly of pectic substances on a rigid silica framework. Their walls are composed of two halves called thecae (or less…

Freshwater Algae

Ulothrix is a genus of green algae in the family Ulotrichaceae. Ulothrix is a genus of filamentous green algae, generally found in fresh and marine water. Its cells are normally as broad as they are long, and they thrive in the low temperatures of spring and winter. They become attached to surfaces by a modified…

Fresh water Diatom

he genus Synedra has long, needle-like cells that exist singly or in radiate colonies. In the colonies the cells are clustered together at one point by a mucilage cushion that is secreted from a pore field on each cell. Certain species have two short horns or spines protruding from the valve face just above the…

Live action of Bivalve Veliger under Foldscope.

Nalbana Sanctuary is an island protected for the millions of birds visiting every year from different parts of the world. It also harbours a huge number of benthic organism which acts as feed for the migratory birds. While doing ground survey for the planktons, the sample was taken and studied under the Foldscope. The pigmented…

Foldscopy of water boatman, a common bug.

During the southern sector sampling from the seagrasses dominated area, sediment samples were collected. We spotted a live organism in water samples and was immediately mounted and observed under foldscope. The organism was identified to be a water boatman. The water boatman, a common water bug, is a member of the ‘Corixidae’ family and order…

Foldscopy of green algae, Cladophora sp.

The Northern Sector of Chilika has tremendous amount influx of fresh water to the system and sheltering huge number of fresh water macrophytes and algae. During the ground survey of macrophytes in these area, dense growth of green algae was observed here. They were collected, mounted and observed under the Foldscope. The green algae were…