Bread-mold fungus

Vidya GA; Sharanya Rao* and Soumitra Banerjee

CIIRC-Jyothy Institute of Technology, Bangalore, Karnataka

*Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal (Karnataka)

The molds on bread were taken and cultured it on the potato dextrose agar media. Spores on the media were observed under foldscope. The mold spreads quickly and the entire bread turns into a green or black color. Bread mold is a simple fungus that takes food and nutrients from the bread and damages the bread surface. Mold growing on the bread can be microscopic fungi belonging to different species like Penicillium, Rhizopus, Aspergillus, Monascus and Fusarium. They are of different shapes and colors depending on the species. Rhizopus stolonifer is the most common and fast growing bread mold. It is also known as black mold as it appears dark green or black in color.

Fig. 1 Spoiled bread – Fungal infestation


Fig. 2. Fungal growth observed under nutrient agar

Fig. 3 Bread mould observed under foldscope

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